The fundamental values of social work do not spring up like wild
flowers by the wayside; they are certainly, embedded in the deep fertile
principles that cultivate civilizations. It has been nurtured from the
beliefs in moral and religious impartiality, liberty of individual
development, free choice of opportunities, just competition, and a
certain extent of individual independence, freedom of speech, expression
The system of social sanctions in any society
is based upon reciprocal respect and concern for the rights of all.
Social work is directed towards the realization and implementation of
the ideals of democracy in any civilization.
Although the concepts
and methods of social work have never been stagnant and keep altering
with fresh philosophies and varying professional knowledge and skills,
the three basic social work methods – social casework, social group work
and community work – still remain the critical functions, but a
combination of the three methods is now more frequently required and the
borderlines between these methods have become more amalgamated.
is also a trend of a generic type of social work that goes outside the
three basic methods to include community work in social reform. These
workers must participate in broader endeavors to facilitate people in
obtaining improved opportunities and in achieving social justice. All
three social work methods consider the social setting in which people
live, but newly developed methods aim at regulating “large-scale
Social Casework And Group Work: In this type of
social work, the management may have to include the use of group work.
The use of well trained caseworkers might be limited to the purpose of
social services that involve professional skills, while simpler tasks
may be performed by persons with less advanced preparation or, after
short training periods, by social assistants recruited from the circle
of welfare recipients.
Community Social Work: It may be either
mission oriented – for example, aimed at improving medical services by
establishing a clinic or providing for undernourished children- or
process oriented – for example, organizing client groups to establish
the priorities of their needs such as housing for underprivileged
groups, refuge for homeless families and how to find resources in order
to attain necessary changes in local policies. Community work helps to
strengthen the aptitude of the clients to make their decisions about the
precedence of their needs and in this way will show the way to more
effective involvement by clients in the processes that should help them.